St Giles CE Academy Art and Design Policy
'Art' should be interpreted as 'art, craft and design' and artists should be interpreted as artists, crafts people and designers throughout all documentation. The art policy follows whole school guidance on the curriculum and how it is managed, organised, delivered, assessed and evaluated. It also reflects agreed approaches to the whole school issues, i.e. teaching and learning strategies, differentiation, behaviour and discipline, special educational needs and equal opportunities. The implementation of the policy is the responsibility of all the teaching staff.
Rational and purpose
At Primary School, art, craft and design has a significant and valuable role to play in the overall ethos of this school. Art is an ongoing process through which all children are given opportunities to develop specific skills, knowledge and understanding to enable them to work in variety of media, style and form. It enables children of all abilities to use their creative imagination to achieve their potential with guidance and given criteria. Children work individually and within a group to develop the social and personal skills. Art is not taught in isolation, although it retains its creative base and its skills and techniques. Wherever appropriate it is linked to other areas of the curriculum and gives children the opportunities to develop specific art skills and reinforces skills already established.
The school should ensure that all children:
- Have entitlement to a broad and balanced, enriching curriculum.
- Enjoy an active involvement in art, craft and design.
- Have the confidence as well as the skills and experience necessary to communicate their ideas through their artwork.
- Have the opportunities to experience a broad and balanced range of art activities and show progression within these experiences.
- Have opportunities to learn about art from different times and cultures.
- Become visually literate and able to identify and apply the key elements of art.
- All pupils will be given equal access to the experience of the art regardless of the gender, race or disability.
- Produce creative work, exploring their ideas and recording their experiences
- Become proficient in drawing, painting, sculpture and other art, craft and design techniques.
- Evaluate and analyse creative works using the language of art, craft and design
- Know about great artists, craft makers and designers, and understand the historical and cultural development of their art forms
In their own work children should be able to:
- Show development in their ability to create images.
- Work with confidence in two and three dimensions and on a variety of sizes and scales.
- Experiment with a wide range of different media to understand their potential, to become familiar with their characteristics and to develop confidence and competency when working with them.
- Select media and to decide how they are to be used in the work to be undertaken.
- Understand and use the language of art, craft and design when relating to their work and the work of others.
- Develop an increasing ability, analyse and record the world about them.
- Understand and apply the basic principles of art, craft and design to include: Line, tone, texture, shape, form, space, pattern, colour, contrast, composition, proportion and perspective.
- Record what they can imagine in sketchbooks or work journals.
- Be realistic about their own abilities in art, craft and design and recognise their success as well as the areas for development.
- Evaluate and discuss the outcome of their own work against declared criteria.
- Develop the ability to justify decisions taken concerning the process of their own work.
- Realise their ideas and sustain a level of working from start to the completion of a project or a piece of work.
- Recognise the difference in approach taken by artists, crafts people and designers in their work.
- Recognise that art, craft and design differ from culture to culture and reflect the times in which they were produced.
- Relate their artwork to other curriculum areas.
- Use art as a medium to give expression of their world.
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Art is an activity that needs the teacher to be directly involved with the children in the lesson to set the task, to impart knowledge, to lead activities, to monitor and develop the children's progress, to encourage development and to ensure that each child reaches an appropriate standard.
- Use a variety of approaches that are matched to the activity and the ability of the children.
- Children must be given the opportunity to examine exhibits, artefacts, historical buildings of interest, i.e. St Giles Church, local history.
- Clearly identify whether the art activities are exclusively art or whether they are applying skills through one or more aspects of the wider curriculum, as in topic work. When children are undertaking activities that are directly related to another element of the curriculum they should be aware that the session is an art investigation and that they are therefore focusing upon art skills.
- Special needs children need to be catered for in the planning of the programme. In this subject these children have their confidence raised and their self-esteem.
- Ensure always that issues of Health and Safety are addressed in the planning and delivery of the art curriculum.
- The planned programme must encourage the children's development of personal and social skills, be fully inclusive and give equal access for pupils to access learning.
- Children must be encouraged to work individually, in pairs, small groups and as whole class when required.
Key stage 1
Pupils should be taught:
- to use a range of materials creatively to design and make products
- to use drawing, painting and sculpture to develop and share their ideas, experiences and imagination
- to develop a wide range of art and design techniques in using colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space
- about the work of a range of artists, craft makers and designers, describing the differences and similarities between different practices and disciplines, and making links to their own work
Key stage 2
Pupils should be taught to develop their techniques, including their control and their use of materials, with creativity, experimentation and an increasing awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design.
Pupils should be taught:
- to create sketch books to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas
- to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials [for example, pencil, charcoal, paint, clay]
- about great artists, architects and designers in history
Matching tasks to pupils’ abilities
Teaching in art should address the fact that all children will develop their ability to make images and to learn and apply skills at different rates. Differentiation is therefore a key issue and will be open ended and planned differentiation will be by the outcome and by tasks set according to ability. Individual children will be supported by relevant questions from the teacher. These interventions from the teacher to individuals will increase their thinking, extend the range of options that may be considered and raise individual standards. There will also be times when the individual needs are met through differentiated tasks. Both approaches need to be used to ensure that all children, including the least and most able, can be working to their full potential in all art lessons.
Use of Sketchbooks
Sketchbooks are used from Year 1 through to year 6 to regularly record, collect and explore ideas and images and other information relevant to current and ongoing work. The sketchbook is an essential and personal record although teachers will teach children when it is appropriate to use them and for what purposes including reviewing the contents to ensure the purpose of the sketchbook at frequent intervals.
Role of the Co-ordinator
- Produce the Art Policy and the Key Stage plans that meet the statutory requirements.
- Produce the Art development plan with realistic and developmental targets
- Provide advice to teachers or seek information to help support with appropriate resources and approaches to assessment.
- Co-ordinator to purchase and organise the appropriate art resources.
- Attend relevant in service courses and feedback to staff new information and ideas.
- Monitor Teaching and Learning.
Role of the class teacher
Class teacher is responsible for teaching and developing the Key Stage plans into more detailed schemes of work that ensure that pupils are taught the statutory requirements for art. Class teachers are also responsible for evaluating their schemes of work and for appropriately resourcing the art activities. Class teachers are also responsible for displaying the artwork produced by all children in an appealing way so as to enhance the learning environment and display the varied range of artwork. These displays should reflect the schemes of work and current artwork and should have clear descriptions about the work and who has made it.
Health and Safety
The school is responsible for teaching art, craft and design in a healthy and safe environment with reference to appropriate risk assessments for activities likely to incur possible risk. The teaching staff and art co-ordinator are responsible for the supervision of activities such as cutting, printing, batik work and mixing of media. All art equipment is subject to maintenance and safety checks and any faulty equipment is to be reported to the Head teacher.
Cross curricular learning
Schemes of work are planned creatively to harness learning opportunities from across the curriculum. Each scheme makes reference to these links. The use of appropriate teaching and learning strategies should enable pupils learning and encourage creative thinking and imaginative ways of working.